Lugo then created the Jesuits’ systematic method to rules and you will morality but both couldn’t avoid the issues off casuistry, which can be associated with laxist thinking of a lot Jesuit moral theologians
The 3rd Jesuit exactly who composed a successful treatise On the Justice and you may Correct are Juan de- Lugo, a cannon attorney from the education, whom continued to become a teacher out-of theology on Collegio Romano just before getting created cardinal by Pope Metropolitan VIII (roentgen.1623–44) when you look at the 1643, the year pursuing the book of their Disputations towards the Justice and you will Best ( Disputationes de iustitia mais aussi iure ). 83 That have Molina and you will Lessius the guy common an extensive knowledge maybe not simply of various kinds of laws and their software in order to qualms out-of conscience, but the guy and additionally got a significant insight into the real working away from lives, particularly pertaining to business and you can economic circumstances. 84 Within his Notitia iuris belgici , as an instance, new jurist Francois Zypaeus (1580–1650) regarding the Southern Netherlands advises lawyers to learn Lessius in check for the right research from financial procedure utilized by resellers and you may lenders at the Antwerp Bourse. 85 Both in regard to function and you can posts, Lugo is apparently heavily with debt to help you Lessius, whether or not he is definitely not a servile imitator. 86
At all, he had gotten a seat inside the cannon legislation within college or university from Dillingen and you can held it from 1625 beforehand
While the Jesuits exhibited a great experience in the fresh new legal heritage, it’s reong him or her was in fact indeed jurists by education. And Suarez and you may Lugo, that has studied legislation for the Salamanca, there is a keen Austrian Jesuit exactly who shines to have his victory since the a canon lawyer, namely Paul Laymann (1574–1635) from Arzl near Innsbruck. 87 Because a teacher of moral theology at the Jesuit college at the Munich (1609–25) he had been the brand new promoter out of theses towards, particularly, the fresh new product sales-purchase contract, or perhaps the basic difference between ius and you may factum. 88 Within the Munich the guy as well as completed his monumental four guides with the Ethical Theology . This is a medical, organized, as well as-total post on moral theology, full of recommendations so you can Romano-cannon laws-certainly regarding the guide With the Fairness and Right , which is highly similar to Molina and Lessius’s talks to the assets, delicts, and you may agreements. 89
Laymann’s Ethical Theology is an additional testimony to the fact that it would-be such temerarious to acknowledge as well greatly between law and you may morality from the Jesuit moral theological thinking about early progressive period. It symbiosis away from law and you may ethics can found in Jesuit treatises devoted explicitly to help you “morality,” say Vincenzo Figliucci’s (1566–1622) Quaestiones morales otherwise Hermann Busenbaum’s (1600–68) Medula theologiae moralis . Having said that, Pedro Murillo Velarde (1696–1753), a good Jesuit canon lawyer and you may cartographer regarding Philippines, blogged a two-frequency book on canonical, Foreign language and Indian “legal assistance” ( Cursus iuris canonici, Hispani mais aussi Indici , 1743) that has been imbued with references ceny e-chat so you’re able to moral theology. 90 However, to go back to Paul Laymann, he just had written moral theological treatises which were heavily imbued that have courtroom thought, the guy as well as dedicated themselves so you’re able to studying the cannon court customs during the a clinical method itself. Contained in this period, the guy seriously been composing their commentaries towards Decretales (1234) of Pope Gregory IX (r.1227–41) as well as on Pope Boniface VIII’s (1294–1303) Liber sextus (1298). These were published posthumously due to the fact Cannon law otherwise Commentaries into the Decretals. 91 New publisher informed me the design of the publication since a beneficial opinions for the decretals, in lieu of since the a systematic analysis obeying its very own internal logic, by the popular with the latest jurists’ ordinary habit to go over canon legislation by using you to pre-centered trend. The guy therefore wished to promote Laymann’s reasons much more viewer-friendly.